Governance system of Nepal - Tarang

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Governance system of Nepal

Nepal is a federal democratic republic country with a multi-party system of governance. The current Constitution of Nepal was adopted ..





Nepal is a federal democratic republic country with a multi-party system of governance. The current Constitution of Nepal was adopted on September 20, 2015, and it replaced the interim constitution that had been in place since 2007.

The Constitution of Nepal defines the country as a secular, democratic, and federal republic, with three tiers of government: federal, provincial, and local. The federal government has executive, legislative, and judicial powers, while the provincial and local governments have legislative and executive powers.

The President of Nepal is the head of state and is elected by an electoral college consisting of the federal parliament and the provincial assemblies. The Prime Minister is the head of government and is appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament.

The federal parliament of Nepal is a bicameral legislature consisting of the House of Representatives and the National Assembly. The House of Representatives has 275 members who are directly elected by the people, while the National Assembly has 59 members, of which 56 are elected by the provincial assemblies and 3 are appointed by the President.

Nepal has a multi-party system with many political parties competing for seats in the parliament. The major political parties in Nepal are the Nepal Communist Party (NCP), the Nepali Congress (NC), and the Madhesi political parties.

The judiciary in Nepal is independent of the executive and legislative branches of government. The Supreme Court is the highest court in Nepal and has the power of judicial review.






In conclusion, Nepal is a federal democratic republic country with a multi-party system of governance. The federal government has executive, legislative, and judicial powers, while the provincial and local governments have legislative and executive powers. The Constitution of Nepal defines the country as a secular, democratic, and federal republic.

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